The Tidewater Area
Loblolly pine and some oaks are common in the uplands in this area, and blackgum, sweetgum, oaks, water tupelo, and bald cypress are common on the bottom land. Longleaf uniola, switchcane, panicums, little bluestem, inkberry, large gallberry, greenbrier, waxmyrtle, cabbage palm, and associated grasses and forbs characterize the understory. Some of the major wildlife species in this area are black bear, white-tailed deer, fox, raccoon, opossum, otter, muskrat, rabbit, mink, squirrel, quail, and mourning dove. The red wolf, an endangered species, is being reintroduced in several parts of the region.
Most of this region in the northeastern part of the state is in farms, but some is in national forests or is used for game refuges, urban development, or related purposes. Some of the forests farm woodlots, but most are in large holdings. Pulpwood is the main wood product. Lumber and naval stores are other wood products. Large acreages are used for corn, soybeans, tobacco, and vegetables. Recreational enterprises are important in the area, and coastal marshes and open water in sounds make up much of the area.
The major soil resource concerns are a seasonal high water table and flooding. Measures that maintain drainage systems are needed. Conservation practices on cropland generally include crop residue management and control of the water table. In much of the region, the water table can be controlled by flashboard risers, which preserve water quality and utilize ground water in lieu of irrigation.