The Southern Piedmont
The uplands in this area generally support a mixture of hardwoods and pine. Loblolly pine, slash pine, white oak, red oak, gum, yellow-poplar, and sycamore are the principal species. Pine is dominant on eroded sites. Hardwoods or mixed stands of pine and hardwoods are on slightly eroded soils and the flood plains along streams. The understory includes dogwood, honeysuckle, bluestem and briars. Some of the major wildlife species in this area are white-tailed deer, cottontail, squirrel, bobwhite quail, and mourning dove.
Most of this region is in small farms, but a sizable acreage is controlled by forest products companies. Although most of the land was once cultivated, much has reverted to mixed stands of pine and hardwoods. Most of the open areas are used as pasture, but some crops, such as soybeans, corn, cotton, and wheat and other small grains, are grown in these areas. Tobacco is grown to a lesser extent. Dairy cattle and poultry are important locally. Rural land adjacent to the major cities is being converted to residential development and associated urban development. This land use conversion is occurring rapidly in the corridor called the Piedmont Crescent, which extends from Raleigh to Charlotte.
The major soil resource concerns are water erosion and the increasing conversion of prime farmland and farmland of statewide importance to urban uses. Conservation practices on cropland generally include conservation tillage, crop residue management, field borders, vegetative wind barriers, and nutrient and pest management.