The Southern Coastal Plain
This region supports mixed oak-pine vegetation. Loblolly pine, longleaf pine, slash pine, shortleaf pine, sweetgum, yellow-poplar, red oak, and white oak are the major overstory species. Dogwood, gallberry, and farkleberry are the major understory species. Common sweetleaf, American holly, greenbrier, southern bayberry, little bluestem, Elliott bluestem, threeawn, grassleaf goldaster, native lespedezas, and low panicums are other understory species. Some of the major wildlife species in this area are white-tailed deer, turkey, rabbit, squirrel, bobwhite quail, and mourning dove.
Timber production, cash-grain crops, and forage production are important in this region. Soybeans, cotton, corn, and wheat are the major crops grown throughout the area. Pastures are grazed mainly by beef cattle, but some dairy cattle and hogs are raised in the area.
The major resource concerns are water erosion, maintenance of the content of organic matter and productivity of the soils, control of surface water, artificial drainage, and management of surface compaction and soil moisture. Conservation practices on cropland generally include systems of crop residue management, cover crops, crop rotations, water disposal, subsoiling or deep tillage, pest management, and nutrient management. Prescribed grazing and proper forage, nutrient, and pest management practices are critical in maintaining the productivity of grazing land.