The Carolina and Georgia Sand Hills
This region supports pine-oak vegetation. Longleaf pine is the dominant species. Turkey oak, blackjack oak, bluejack oak, and sand live oak also occur. Little bluestem, panicums, pineland threeawn, and associated grasses and forbs make up the ground cover. Some of the major wildlife species in this area are white-tailed deer, red fox, gray fox, beaver, raccoon, opossum, cottontail, gray squirrel, turkey vulture, black vulture, crow, screech owl, barred owl, mallard, wood duck, bobwhite quail, Carolina wren, and mourning dove. The large stands of longleaf pine provide critical nesting areas for the red-cockaded woodpecker, an endangered species.
Most of this area is in farms, most of which are part-time or subsistence farms. Some of the area is federally owned and used for military posts and training areas. The forested areas support pine and scrub oaks. Pulpwood and some lumber are the principal forest products. The cropland in the area is used mainly for corn or cotton.
The major resource concerns are controlling water erosion and enhancing the available water capacity of the soils. Conservation practices on cropland generally include systems of crop residue management, diversions, and grassed waterways. Field borders provide cover for bobwhite quail and cottontail. Conversion to a permanent cover of vegetation has been a continuing recommendation for the soils that are low in natural productivity.