The Atlantic Coast Flatwoods
This region supports pine-oak forest vegetation. Loblolly pine, sweetgum, red maple, blackgum, and oaks are dominant in the uplands. Water tupelo, swamp blackgum, bald cypress, sweetgum, and red maple are dominant on the bottom land. Longleaf uniola, cutover muhly, toothachegrass, panicums, little bluestem, and associated grasses and forbs characterize the understory vegetation. Some of the major wildlife species in this area are white-tailed deer, feral hog, gray fox, red fox, bobcat, raccoon, skunk, opossum, otter, rabbit, armadillo, squirrel, turkey, and bobwhite quail.
Most of this region is in farms, but some is in national forests or is used for game refuges or related purposes. Some of the forests are farm woodlots, but most are large holdings. Pulpwood is the main wood product. Lumber and naval stores are other wood products. Vegetable crops, fruits, melons, sweet potatoes, and Irish potatoes are important crops. Large acreages are used for corn, soybeans, wheat, and tobacco. Some peanuts are grown on the sandy soils. Poultry farming is an important enterprise. Swine operations are also of major importance.
The major soil resource concerns are wind erosion and poor soil quality from surface compaction and a low content of organic matter in cultivated areas. Many areas of poorly drained and very poorly drained soils on uplands have been restored to wetland conditions. Wetland restoration improves water quality and provides wildlife habitat. Conservation practices on forestland generally include forest stand improvement, forest trails and landings, prescribed burning, riparian forest buffers, forest site preparation, bedding, establishment of trees and shrubs, and management of upland wildlife habitat. Conservation practices on cropland generally include crop residue management, establishment of field borders, vegetative wind barriers, and nutrient and pest management.